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Home > Anatomy & Physiology > Muscles > Gastrocnemius

Gastrocnemius

Gastrocnemius is the largest and most superficial of the calf muscles. Together the Gastrocnemius, Soleus and Plantaris are known as Triceps Surae. The Gastrocnemius is the main propellant in walking and running.

Origin

  • Lower posterior surface of the femur above the medial condyle
  • Lateral condyle of the femur

Insertion

  • Posterior surface of the calcaneus via the achilles tendon

Actions

  • Plantar flexion

Innervation

  • Tibial nerve

Daily uses

  • Standing on tip toes

How can I stretch it?

How can I strengthen it?

Gastrocnemius

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