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Home > Anatomy & Physiology > Human Skeleton

The Human Skeleton

 

The human skeleton is made up of 206 bones. The functions of the skeleton are to provide support, give our bodies shape, provide protection to other systems and organs of the body, to provide attachments for muscles, to produce movement and to produce red blood cells.

Click here to download and print a diagram of the human skeleton without labels so you can test yourself.

The main bones of the human skeleton are:

  • The Skull - Cranium, Mandible and Maxilla
  • Shoulder girdle - clavicle and scapula
  • Arm - humerus, radius and ulna
  • Hand - Carpals, Metacarpals and Phalanges
  • Chest - Sternum and Ribs
  • Spine - Cervical area (top 7 vertibrae), Thoracic (next 12), Lumbar (bottom 5 vertebrae), Sacrum (5 fused or stuck together bones) and Coccyx (the tiny bit at the bottom of the spine).
  • Pelvic girdle - Ilium, Pubis and Ischium.
  • Leg - Femur, Tibia and Fibula
  • Ankle - Talus and calcaneus (not shown above)
  • Foot - Tarsals, Metatarsals and Phalanges.

How are bones formed?

  • Bones are formed by the ossification of cartilage. What this really means is all bones start off as cartilage (normally in the womb) and they gradually turn to hard bone (ossification) over a period of years.
  • Calcuim is needed for strong bone growth.

Large image of Human Skeleton

Human Skeleton - click to download a printable version

Now Test Yourself!

How many bones make up the human skeleton?










Flip card >

How many bones make up the human skeleton?


  • Answer: 206







Next Card >


Name 6 functions of the skeleton?










Flip Card >


Name 6 functions of the skeleton?


  • To Provide support
  • Give our bodies shape
  • Provide protection
  • Muscle attachment
  • To produce movement
  • To produce red blood cells

Next card >


Name the major bones in the upper body?










Flip Card >


Name the major bones in the upper body?


  • The Skull - Cranium, Mandible and Maxilla
  • Shoulder girdle - clavicle and scapula
  • Arm - humerus, radius and ulna
  • Hand - Carpals, Metacarpals and Phalanges
  • Chest - Sternum and Ribs


Next card >


Name all the major bones in the lower body?










Flip Card >


Name all the major bones in the lower body?



  • Pelvic girdle - Ilium, Pubis and Ischium
  • Leg - Femur, Tibia and Fibula
  • Ankle - Talus and calcaneus
  • Foot - Tarsals, Metatarsals and Phalanges


Next card >

What is the name given to the formation of bones from cartilage?










Flip Card >

What is the name given to the formation of bones from cartilage?


  • Ossification

       






Next card >

What nutrient is needed for strong bone growth?









Flip Card >

What nutrient is needed for strong bone growth?


 

  • Calcium





Start again with first card >

 

 

Bone Injuries (sportsinjuryclinic.net)

Next - The Spine >>

 

Human Skeleton - click for larger image.

Test Yourself:

 

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