The aim of this lesson is to understand what it means to be fit and healthy and what can affect this (Equivalent to UK GCSE Physical Education)
"a state of well-being"
"a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity"
Physcial well-being - You are injury and disease free!
Mental well-being - You do not suffer from metal illness or high levels of stress or anxiety
Social well-being - You believe you have some purpose in society and have friends. You have food, clothes and shelter.
You health can be affected by a number of factors. The following accronym can help you remember them: PLEASED
Personal hygiene - Keeping clean will help you avoid illness
Lifestyle - Your lifestyle is the way you live your life, including activites, your job, rest time etc. A highly stressed or lazy lifestyle will affect your health!
Emotional health - Work, relationships and friends can all cause you to feel either good, or bad! Try to avoid too much stress and anxiety
Safety - Not being safe and careful, especially in some jobs and sports can cause injuries. Make sure you use the correct equipment!
Environment - Noisy environments can cause stress and lack of sleep. Polluted environments can cause health problems
Diet - Having a well-balanced diet helps to keep you healthy by making sure you get all the nutrients your body needs
Fitness can be either general or specific:
- You are healthy and can perform daily activities without suffering fatigue.
- You have: Strength; Speed; Stamina; Suppleness
You also possess:
- Cardiovascular endurance - so your muscles get enough Oxygen to work effectively
- Muscular endurance - so your muscles don't get tired easily
- Good body composition - You have the right percentage of fat versus muscle
- This is your fitness to play a certain sport at a certain level
- You need all of the things above, plus:
- Explosive strength
- Fast reactions
- Good timing
Some of these factors you can control or improve, others are out of your control. Your specific fitness is affected by:
Height, Weight and Somatotype: Your body size and shape can impact upon how suited you are to some sports
Illness and Injury: Either of these can be temporary or permanent in the way they affect your fitness levels
Psychological Factors: Stress and anxiety involved in work and training can affect our fitness
Disabilities: Some forms of disability can affect fitness for various activities. However you can still reach a high level of fitness in some disciplines
Alcohol, Drugs and Smoking: All of these have negative effetcs on both our general fitness, specific fitness and overall health
Diet: A good diet is balanced to provide all the nutrients we need to keep fit and healthy
Two very specific forms of fitness are cardiovascular fitness and muscular fitness:
Cardiovascular Fitness: This is the ability of your heart and lungs to keep your working muscles supplied with Oxygen
Muscular Fitness: When your muscles are strong and can apply a lot of force to push, pull, lift and throw things.