Sports psychology is concerned with the mind and how it functions in a sporting and competition situation. Areas of sports psychology can be broken down into mental preparation, skill acquisition, individual differences between sports people as well as group dynamics, leadership and teamwork.
Skill acquisition is the area of sports psychology concerned with how athletes learn and retain new skills. This includes defining abilites and skills, theories of learning, motor programs and schema theory.
Individual aspects of performance relates to things personal to each athlete such as motivation, personality, behaviour and attitudes.
Mental preparation relates to how the athlete gets in the right frame of mind for optimum performance and includes management of stress, mental rehearsal and visualisation.
Group dynamics and team work looks at how teams work together and the influence of others as well as leadership.