Strength training is an important part of most sports and to compete at the higher levels it has become particularly important. The following is a selection of exercises commonly used in sports training and are grouped by body area.
If I were to say to football, rugby or athletics coaches that their athletes shouldn’t squat I’d probably be run out of town (as fast as my non-significantly squat trained legs would allow!). Let's take a look at why squatting (to a certain extent) can be overrated. The arguments for and against squatting for enhanced sports performance are outlined here.
Weight training can be beneficial in a number of ways. As well as improving muscle tone and helping your body to look more defined, weight training also helps to boost bone density, promote fat-free body mass and increase the strength of your connective tissues. As a result, a lot of people, and especially men, include significant amounts of weight training in their workout routines.
Below are a number of back strengthening exercises. Many of the exercises which strengthen the lower back may also be leg strengthening exercises. There is likely to be overlap with many exercises.
Exercises which involve pushing away from the body tend to work the chest muscles and triceps at the back of the upper arm more.
These exercises for the big leg and buttock muscles. Explosive squat type exercises are important for all sports involving explosive jumping type movements, sprinting or quick changes of direction.
Shoulder strengthning is important not just for improving performance in throwing and racket sports but for preventing injury. The following shoulder exercises work on the major shoulder muscles. It is important to work the rotator cuff muscles as well.
The following exercises work the arm muscles, in particular the bicep and triceps muscles. In addition to the basic arm curl exercises, those involving pushing work the triceps and those involving pulling work the biceps.