Sports nutrition is a rapidly moving area of sports science with many differing opinions on what an athlete should be eating and which supplements they should be taking. Here we explain the basics of a balanced diet and which foods should make up your training diet.
Protein is the most important macronutrient when it comes to maximising health, body composition, muscle growth and recovery of body tissue. Protein has many important functions in the body in particular muscle growth and repair. But how much do we need?
Sports supplements are commonly used by athletes to enhance performance. Some are more often used by power and strength athletes such as creatine, protein supplements and amino acids and others tend to benefit endurance athletes such as glycogen loading, caffeine and sodium bicarbonate.
Water is vital for life and ensuring adequate hydration is important for both physical and mental well-being and performance. Hydration has many important functions for health, including the regulation of body temperature and blood pressure, cleaning the body and removing it of stored toxins, supporting immune function, aiding digestion and ensuring transportation of oxygen and nutrients around the body.
Fats have many essential functions in the human body, they are vital for hormone synthesis, the integrity of cells, energy production, absorption of fat soluble vitamins, protection of vital organs and can be useful in providing insulation in specific activities, a deficiency of fat in the diet can lead to fatigue, low hormonal synthesis, vitamin mal-absorption and low energy. However, overeating fat can potentially lead to weight gain, so how much fat do we need?
The subject of nutrition is complex and varied. It encompasses everything from weight loss and gain to sports performance and supplements. Here we aim to give you a basic understanding of the requirements of a balanced diet and the importance of this in sport.